Swimming Pool Blog
by Mark Garcia January 18, 2018
Swimming Pool Auto-Fills or Automatic Water Levelers
The Pool Auto-Fill is an automatic pool water leveler, designed to maintain the optimum water level in pools, spas and fountains. They are more commonly employed in the warmer regions of these United States, in dry and arid regions that have to add frequent make-up water.
Automatic pool fillers have been around for a long time, and gained popularity in the 1970's across southern sunbelt pools. The first AutoFill devices were made by American Products and PoolMiser, and the poolside canister design has not changed all that much, except for recently, when Pentair introduced model T40F, with a familiar FluidMaster style of float valve, used in most common toilet tanks. The Brass valve and float model T40B, is also available from Pentair.
Old Style and New Style Auto-Fill Valves
The two auto-fill valve designs are technically not interchangeable, because the Brass Valve and Float connects to the incoming water supply near the top of the canister (or automatic filler bucket), and the vertically oriented FluidMaster AutoFill Valve, connects to the water supply at the bottom center of the canister (see image). Many Brass Valve canisters also have a bottom center port however, and in such cases, the new style valve can be installed if you also move the water supply line from the upper-side to the center-bottom of the canister.
Replacing the entire unit with the newer style is also possible, however the task can be arduous. Excavate around the cylinder carefully and gently cut the equalizer line and the water supply line. After breaking free the canister from the pool wall or its concrete encasement, the new canister is placed level with the pool, and pinned to the pool wall or otherwise secured to prevent movement or settling. After reconnecting the equalizer and water supply line, pressure test to confirm no leaks, before backfilling and tamping the area, or pouring new concrete. It may be simpler to fill it full of concrete, or otherwise and seal it off, and install a new wireless autofill in your pool filter area.
Leaking Pool Auto-Fill?
Leaks can occur in several places in a pool auto-fill, and cause loss of large amounts of water. If not winterized properly, the cylinder or bucket can crack. In some cases, this can be repaired with a good application of Pool Putty. If an autofill valve begins to malfunction, it can leak out through the overflow line or around the lid. Too much rain can also cause a cylinder to overflow, mimicking a leak.
The leaks of larger concern and consequence are those around the incoming water supply line and the outgoing pool equalizer line. Movement in the ground (or pool) can crack pipes or fittings, leading to underground leaks. Not winterizing an auto-fill could also cause cracks in the water supply line, and possibly also to the equalizer line.
In severe cases you may want to shut it off and Abandon an Auto Fill, at least temporarily. Shut off or disconnect the water supply, and plug the equalizer line on both ends, in the pool wall, and inside the canister. Use a #8x extended plug, or our W1084 plug, for standard 1.5" equalizer lines.
For proper winter protection, pool autofills can be winterized. Plug the equalizer line on the pool side, and use a hand siphon pump to drain the cylinder. Shut off the valve to the water supply line and fully drain the supply pipe or blow out with air. Pour a quart of non-toxic pool antifreeze into the autofill cylinder, or fill a clean quart bottle 1/2 full of antifreeze and place inside the autofill chamber, to protect the cylinder from ice expansion. Or if the auofill canister is dry, place a 12" square of heavy plastic between the lid and the frame, to block rain and snow melt.
Pool Auto-Fill Maintenance
There is not a lot to do to keep your pool autofill operating correctly - the main thing is to just check on it once in a while - to be sure that it is still operating, correctly.
Auto Fill Floats may need occasional adjustments to maintain optimum water level. T26 Brass Valves have a small wing nut to allow for float adjustment, so you can set the float to a higher or lower maintained water level.
Newer FluidMaster style valves are adjustable by squeezing the clip to slide float higher or lower on the guide rod. They can also be further adjusted by turning the valve to raise or lower the height of the float.
Fluidmaster style valves may also need occasional cleaning of the shaft to keep the float sliding freely. Debris and scum can cause the float to get stuck - either always on, or always off. In addition, Fluidmaster valves have a screen located in the base that may fill up with sediment from time to time and reduce water flow by a noticeable amount. Or if the screen is not in place or has become damaged, small bits of debris can clog up the works. Flush out with water in reverse direction to clear internal valve blockages, or simply replace with a new T29 Autofill Valve.
Wireless Auto-Fill Devices
A new breed of pool auto-fill devices have hit the market. A wireless sensor is affixed to the pool tile line, and when the sensor dries out, this signals a solenoid valve to open, and release water directly into the pool return line. With exception to water supply line, and the water sensor mounted in the tile or skimmer, all other equipment is located aboveground, at the pool equipment pad. Having everything visible removes some of the black box mystery, and also makes troubleshooting leaks or problems a bit easier.
Wireless Pool Auto Fill systems are available from Kona Labs and with the Jandy Levelor Water Leveler system.
Thanks for Reading!