Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, better known as CPR, can be a life saver if/or when an accident happens around the pool area.
Knowing what to do and going into action fast can be the difference between life and death for the victim.
First, perform an ABC, then CPR if need be.
A: Airway; establish an open airway.
B: Breathing; Look listen, and feel for signs of breathing.
C: Check; Check the victim for a pulse.
Here's how to perform CPR and help a drowning victim in need of your assistance.
1) Get Help
The first thing you must remember to do is get help! If there is someone around you, instruct them to call 911 and notify a lifeguard if one is available. If there is no one around you, call 911 yourself so that you know help is on the way for your victim.
2)Move the person
If the person is in the water, take them out of the water and lay them flat on their back. If they are hurt outside of the pool or water’s edge, get them on their back so that you can perform an emergency procedure, if necessary. An example would be if they fall off of a slide and they are not breathing.
3)Check for breathing
a)Listen. Kneel next to the victim’s upper arm facing their chest and put your ear next to the victim’s face, around the nose and mouth area, to check for breathing. Place your hand on their forehead with firm pressure, then use your other hand beneath their chin, to slightly elevate their chin. Can you hear them breathing?
b)Look. Look towards the victim's feet to check for chest movement. If their chest is moving, movement might be a sign that they are breathing. Do you see their chest rising and falling? Any movement, even the slightest movement, is a good sign.
c)Feel. If you cannot see their chest moving, slightly turn your face so that your cheek is next to their nose and mouth. Do you feel them breathing on your cheek or ear?
4)Check Pulse If you cannot find any signs of breathing, quickly check the victim to see if they have a pulse.
a.Check the carotid artery in the neck, under the corner of the jaw, to feel for a pulse.
b.Check your victim for a pulse for only 5 seconds. If none, begin CPR immediately.
a)If you cannot find a pulse, place the heel of your hand in the middle of the victim’s breastbone (use two fingers if the victim is an infant). Make sure you do not press against the ribs.
b)Press down about 2 inches (press down only about an inch and a half if the victim is an infant).
c)Do 30 chest compressions to the rhythm of about 100 beats per minute (the tempo of “Staying Alive”) making sure the victim’s chest rises completely between compressions.
d)After each set of 30 compressions, check to see if the victim has started breathing.
e)If the victim has not started breathing, place your hand on their forehead with a little bit of pressure, then take your opposite hand beneath their chin and slightly elevate it. Pinch the victim’s nose closed, then take a regular breath and hold it in. Place your mouth over the victim’s mouth to create an airtight seal and blow two 1-second breaths into the victim’s mouth as you watch the chest rise.
f)Repeat this as long as necessary. Continue giving 30 chest compressions to the tempo of “Staying Alive”, followed by two 1-second breaths until the victim starts breathing on their own, or until emergency personnel arrives to take over.
Don’t be intimidated if you do not think you can remember every single one of these steps by memory. Review these instructions and you will find that the main steps, will recall details in your mind that you never thought you knew. Just remember to get help, perform your ABC’s, and perform CPR to the rhythm of “Staying Alive,” 30 compressions to two breaths ( 30:2 ) and you are set to go!
Saving a person’s life might be easier than you think!
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